Viadana To Mantova, with Marzia and Luca

Be ready to be amazed at Palazzo del Te and Palazzo Ducale

The Palazzo del Te (tea) was constructed 1524–34 for Federico II Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantova. He decided in 1524 to build a pleasure palace, or Villa Suburbana. The site chosen was that of the family’s stables at Isola del Te on the fringe of the marshes just outside Mantova’s city walls. The Gonzaga family was dedicated to its horses demonstrated by the frescoes of full size horses in the Palazzo (palace).

The architect commissioned was Giulio Romano, a pupil of the artist Raphael.  (Raphael, the painter of “The Three Graces”,  “The Transfiguration” and more than 25 others).

The shell of the palazzo was erected within 18 months. It is basically a square house built around a cloistered courtyard. A formal garden complemented the house.

Palazzo Te (tea), Montova, Italy
Palazzo Te (tea), Montova, Italy The center of the North and South facades are pierced by two-story arches without portico or pediment, simply a covered way leading to the interior courtyard.

Once the shell of the building was completed, for ten years a team of plasterers, carvers and fresco painters labored, until barely a surface in any of the loggias or salons remained undecorated. Under Giulio Romano’s direction, local decorative painters such as Benedetto Pagni and Rinaldo Mantovano worked extensively on the frescoes.

I attempted to insert my photos into this blog, but the photos do not do justice to the majesty and beauty of this palazzo.  So please watch the YouTube video, with full screen and be ready to be amazed.

The frescoes that remain today are the most remarkable feature of the Palazzo. The subjects range from Olympian banquets in the Salon of Psyche and stylized horses in the Salon of the Cavalli to the most unusual of all — giants and grotesques wreaking havoc, fury and ruin around the walls of the Salon of the Giants.

Mannerism’s most famous fresco: Giulio Romano’s “illusionism” invents a dome overhead and dissolves the room’s architecture in the Fall of the Giants.  When standing in the room you cannot determine where the wall ends and the ceiling begins.

While in Montova, my hosts #2  Marzia and Luca escorted me to the Palazzo Ducale, and the museum of San Sebastian in the city of Montova; and, the Duomo.

Plazzo Ducale

The Palazzo Ducale di Mantova (“Ducal Palace”) is a group of buildings in Mantua, Lombardy, northern Italy, built between the 14th and the 17th century mainly by the noble family of Gonzaga as their royal residence in the capital of their Duchy.

The complex includes some 500 rooms. Although most famous for Mantegna‘s frescoes in the Camera degli Sposi (Wedding Room), they have many other very significant architectural and painted elements.

The Gonzaga family lived in the palace from 1328 to 1707, when the dynasty died out.

In 1998, a hidden room was discovered by Palace scholars, led by musicologist Paula Bezzutti. The room is thought to have been used for performances of Monteverdi’s music in the late 16th century.

During the Habsburg rule in Mantua, the Refectory was refurbished, with the creation of the Sala dei Fiumi (“Hall of the Rivers”) (which you will see in the video) with paintings on the walls on which the rivers in the Mantuan territory are portrayed as giants.

At the same time was created the Appartamento degli Arazzi (“Apartment of the Tapestries”), comprising four halls. Three of the latter have tapestries, executed in the Flanders based on sketches by Raphael, the same used for those in the Raphael Rooms in the Vatican Palace. They were bought at Brussels by Cardinal Ercole Gonzaga in the early 16th century to decorate what at the time was called the Green Apartment.

A further restoration was carried on during the Napoleonic Wars in the Sala dello Zodiaco (“Hall of the Zodiac”), also known as “Napoleon I‘s Hall”, after the French emperor slept there.

Sit back and enjoy watching this Youtube video of Palazzo Ducale:

  • The opening scene of the winding staircase is interesting.  The steps are shallow and wide to allow the people to ride their horses into the palace.
  • The blue Labyrinth ceiling is spectacular as is the Zodiac ceiling.
  • The Hall of Rivers is the long room with the fireplace surrounded by tree branches and twigs.

Marzia and Luca
Marzia and Luca.  Watch this waterways tour video of Montova. Be sure to have it on full screen.
To have had the privilege of walking in the footsteps of the great artists who created this monument to the famous Gonzaga family was breathtaking.

I walked around all of the buildings looking UP!  I feel like I have been dumped into a large vat of Italian history.

Secret Garden Grotto sign
Secret Garden Grotto sign




EntranceInside the Secret Garden (1)


As you can see, my 215 photos are not as brilliant as the youtube videos.  So, enjoy!  At least you will not have a crick in your neck when you finish watching.


Lara and Carlo, my first hosts, showed me Bologna where Carlo attended the university, oldest in Europe, established in 1088.

Lara, me and Carlo in Bologna, Italy
Lara, me and Carlo in Bologna, Italy

Lara, me and Carlo in Bologna, Italy (2)


Twin towers, the image most associated with the city of Bologna.

It is the capital of Emilia-Romagna, a region in the north of Italy that is known for its ancient architecture and rich food.  Bologna is legendary for its traditional cuisine (tagliatelle al ragù and lasagne alla bolognese) which was on the menu at the cozy restaurant where we had lunch.








An important cultural and artistic center with many medieval towers, antique buildings, churches as well as works of art which are the result of a first class architectural and artistic history.


  • In 2000 Bologna was declared European capital of culture.
  • In 2006,  it was declared a UNESCO “city of music”. The city of Bologna was selected to participate in the Universal Exposition of Shanghai 2010 together with 45 other cities from around the world.
  • Bologna has also been designated a UNESCO Human Heritage site.
  • Bologna is also one of the wealthiest cities in Italy, often ranking as one of the top cities in terms of quality of life in the country.  In 2011 it ranked 1st out of 107 Italian cities.   Facts listed above are courtesy of wikipedia


Bologna is famous for it lengthy and beautiful Porticos and archways

Portico 2
Portico 2

Portico 4 Portico 5



Take a virtual trip through Bologna. Make sure you have it on Full Screen