Gibraltar became known as one of the Pillars of Hercules, after the Greek legend of the creation of the Strait of Gibraltar by Hercules.
The demographics of Gibraltar reflect the many European and other economic migrants who came to the Rock over three hundred years, after almost all of the Spanish population left in 1704.
The official language of Gibraltar is English, and is used by the government and in schools. Most locals are bilingual, also speaking Spanish, due to Gibraltar’s proximity to Spain. However, because of the varied mix of ethnic groups which reside there, other languages are also spoken on the Rock. Berber and Arabic are spoken by the Moroccan community, as are Hindi and Sindhi by the Indian and the Pakistani communities of Gibraltar respectively. Hebrew is also spoken by the Jewish community and the Maltese language is spoken by some families of Maltese descent. Portuguese is also widely spoken. We were lucky to get by with English 🙂
But, most people come to the “Rock” to see the Barbary Apes. It is a myth that they are prone to attack. However, if you have food, bright shiny things, or are just plain stupid they may grab things from you.
Gibraltar Airport is consistently listed as one of the world’s scariest for air passengers. It is exposed to strong cross winds around the rock and across the Bay of Algeciras. The runway actually runs from the Bay on the Atlantic Ocean side, to the Med on the far end of the runway. This means that if the brakes fail, you will be disembarking from the Mediterranean Sea. The airport terminal is within walking distance of much of Gibraltar but also because the runway intersects Winston Churchill Avenue, the main north-south street, requiring movable barricades to close it to cross traffic when aircraft land or depart.